What’s on the Map?
Current services are represented by brightly colored lines and station markers:
- Amtrak – Intercity rail (navy blue lines).
- Boston T (MBTA) – Rapid transit and regional rail in eastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island (blue, green, indigo, orange, purple, red, and silver lines).
- CTfastrak – Bus rapid transit connecting Hartford to New Britain and Waterbury (light green line).
- Hartford Line – Regional rail connecting New Haven-Hartford-Springfield (yellow line).
- New Haven Line (MTA Metro-North) – Regional rail along Connecticut coast connecting New Haven to New York (red line).
- Rhode Island R Line – Bus rapid transit connecting Cranston to Pawtucket via Providence (dark green line).
- Shore Line East – Regional rail along Connecticut coast connecting New London to New Haven and Stamford (fuchsia line).
Services under construction are represented by opaque lines and station markers in the colors of the existing services they will extend or augment.
- Green Line Extension – MBTA Rapid Transit extension under construction to Union Square and West Medford (striped yellow and black lines).
- Pawtucket/Central Falls Transit Center – MBTA infill station under construction (opaque marker).
- Providence Station State of Good Repair Project – Renovation and expansion of Providence Station.
- South Attleboro Station Accessibility Improvements – Renovation of MBTA South Attleboro Station to provide accessible platforms, elevators, and three new bus bays.
- South Coast Rail – MBTA Regional Rail extension. Phase 1 under construction to Fall River and New Bedford, MA (yellow and black striped lines). Phase 2 proposed to connect Fall River and New Bedford to Northeast Corridor (opaque purple lines).
- Winchester Center Station Accessibility Improvements – Reconstruction of MBTA Winchester Center Station to improve safety and accessibility, accommodate longer trains, and upgrade customer experience.
Corridors under study are represented by opaque lines and station markers.
- Allston Multimodal Project & West Station – MassDOT
- Amtrak Connects US – proposed extensions of Amtrak service
- Berkshire Line – New York City & Pittsfield, MA via Danbury, CT
- East-West Passenger Rail Study – MassDOT, Pioneer Valley Planning Commission
- Hartford Line – New stations in development at Enfield, Newington, North Haven, and West Hartford
- Maybrook Line – Danbury, CT & New York City
- Nashua-Manchester Passenger Rail Project – NH DOT
- Northern Tier Passenger Rail Study – MassDOT, Trains in the Valley
- Portland to Bangor, Maine – Maine Rail Group
- Portland to Lewiston/Auburn, Maine – Northern New England Passenger Rail Authority
- Rail Vision – MBTA
- Red Blue Connector – proposed MBTA Rapid Transit extension of Blue Line to connect with Red Line at Charles/MGH station
- T.F. Green Airport Station Expansion – RI DOT
An Integrated & Inclusive View of Transit
The New England Transit Map is a comprehensive diagram of current and future rail and bus rapid transit throughout the six-state New England region. It shows how transit lines operated by multiple agencies can work as a comprehensive transit system.
In an era of apps, digital maps, and trip planning tools, aesthetic transit maps have an important role to play. A transit map whose fundamental elements are consistent and recognizable reinforces a sense of place, and builds confidence that transit is there to take people where they need to go. An aesthetic transit map lets us see the big picture, reassures us that “here will always go to there”, and helps us rediscover ways to travel that let us reclaim time for ourselves while strengthening our communities and helping combat climate change.
Maps have always been projections of power. When looking at maps, we should focus more on seeing them as narratives, particular versions of a story reflecting a specific interpretation and angle.Mateusz Fafinski, historian of late antiquity and the Middle Ages, and lecturer at Freie Universität Berlin.
The New England Transit Map’s design emphasizes, “simplicity, balance, coherence, harmony, and not too much topographical distortion,” a set of principles described by Maxwell Roberts. The map balances an emphasis on central areas where lines and systems converge with geographical accuracy in the placement of stations relative to each other, and includes state and water boundaries that reflect the “shape” of New England.
Access is Central
Access is central to this map, as reflected by placement of the International Symbol of Access (ISA) in the center of the circular visual marker for every accessible station. This design is also future-proof. As stations are upgraded to be fully accessible and ADA-compliant, the designation can be added without rearranging the spacing of stations and labels.
To make it easy to see which transit systems serve stations, I colored lines and stations according to each agency’s brand standards. Interchange stations use the neutral color black, and seamlessly convey meeting points in the network, regardless of agency boundaries.
Rules sometimes require exceptions. Red is used by the Connecticut Department of Transportation (CTDOT) on its Hartford Line map, and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority also uses red on its New Haven Line map. On a seamless regional map, this could create confusion because the two lines interchange in New Haven. The New England Transit Map solves this potential for confusion by depicting the Hartford Line in yellow. This clearly differentiates the Hartford Line from the New Haven Line, and the yellow color is a historical nod to the yellow used by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, the predecessor operator of both lines.
The integrated presentation of Boston’s rapid transit and regional rail on the New England Transit Map was influenced by the 1967 Diagrammatic “Spider Map” of T Rapid Transit Lines from CambridgeSeven Associates, and the 1976 and 1979 T Commuter Rail System maps, which used purple to create a cohesive view of regional rail lines transitioning from the Boston & Maine and Penn Central to the newly formed Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. The 1976 map included the T rapid transit lines, without station labels, to show how they relate to the regional rail lines. The 1979 map used only black for the T rapid transit lines, and added labels to the terminal stations.
On the New England Transit Map, I incorporated the colors for the five T rapid transit lines, and emphasized their local focus with a thinner line weight than the regional and intercity rail, consistent with the thinner line weight for CTfastrak and the Rhode Island R Line. To strengthen the connection between rapid transit and regional rail, I included and labeled the four downtown core interchange stations and the connections to commuter/regional/intercity rail at North Station, South Station, and Back Bay in addition to the terminal stops on each T rapid transit line.
The Fairmount Line is colored indigo to reflect ongoing efforts by the City of Boston, Fairmount Indigo CDC Collaborative and Fairmount Indigo Network to increase service frequency along the corridor and transform it into Boston’s sixth rapid transit line.
Type in Transit
I used the Helvetica typeface to convey a standard, system-agnostic approach to labeling elements throughout the map. To make the map easy to read, I set all station labels in horizontal type. Along with expanded central areas, horizontal labels enhance the map’s usability, especially where the close physical proximity of transit lines would be difficult to represent in a geographic map. Bold labels are used for interchange stations, underscoring their role in helping people transfer at key points where lines connect.
My use of sans-serif type was influenced by Fred Stingemore’s 1931 London Underground map, and by Paul Shaw, who illustrated the mid-20th Century move to standardize transit information design and wayfinding tools his 2011 book Helvetica and the New York City Subway System. Shaw’s 2011 poster for a talk on his book cleverly illustrates the motivation to replace what he called a “competing jungle of signage” with a modern system. My use of horizontal type was influenced by Erik Spiekermann, who led the redesign of the passenger information system for Berlin’s transit.
In addition to existing lines, the map shows how the region is making progress on expanding transit. Including future lines and stations helps build awareness of projects that will make it even more convenient to take transit. It also makes the map design more durable, because it won’t need to be redrawn to make space for these additions. Services under construction are represented by opaque lines and station markers in the colors of the existing services they will extend or augment. Corridors under study are represented by opaque lines and station markers.